Being a person who loves to learn, I am lucky to have a pulmonologist who is a natural teacher. Whenever I visit her office, I make sure to bring a short list of questions for her.
This time, my visit coincided with a Drs. Chalmers and Blasi’s bronchiectasis webinar I was listening to on my phone. I missed some of it because I was being processed and prepped for my lung CT scan, but I came away with another question for my doctor– this one about Pseudomonas.
It seems like almost every talk on bronchiectasis lately includes the role of Pseudomonas. The more I listen, the more I hear a consensus that this bug should be cleared ASAP. Similar to NTM bacteria, Pseudomonas bacteria clump together in a biofilm, making it difficult to eradicate. On top of that, it can be antibiotic resistant.
I asked my doctor what her approach would be were I to grow Pseudomonas in my sputum. Would I need to submit another culture before treatment? “No,” she said, “We would treat it right away.” This was eye-opening as Dr Blasi mentioned that sometimes we can grow this bug without symptoms of infection such as increased cough, more mucus and a change in mucus color.
So, although some of us only see our pulmonologist once a year, there might be good reason to be proactive and submit sputum samples more regularly. Discuss this with your medical team and come up with a plan. It will be important to have a standing order at a lab so you can submit your sample without needing to contact your doctor. This process might vary depending on your health plan and your lab.
Educate yourself. Talk to your medical team. Make a plan. Stay healthy. Live well with bronchiectasis.
#bronchiectasis #pseudomonas #mucus #sputum
In my recently published book, The BE CLEAR Method to Living with Bronchiectasis, the letter “C” in the BE CLEAR acronym stands for Clearance of Airways. Before I started clearing my airways, I never coughed up anything. But, then, I started using an Aerobika as well as experimenting with other methods and now I am able to remove mucus from my lungs almost every day.
It didn’t happen right away. First, I needed to get to know my body and figure out what was most effective because we’re all different and airway clearance is as much an art as a science.
Are you wondering why we need to set aside time for airway clearance every day, sometimes twice a day? Because those of us with BE have scarred lungs, and mucus can accumulate in those challenged areas. Then, bacteria, viruses and fungi can feed on the mucus and grow. Airway clearance is our way of preventing this from happening. We are in essence, power-washing our damaged airways with a potent mix of forced air, vibration and sometimes saline solution, making it so unpleasant for pathogens they have no choice but to leave.
The best part is, once the infection is gone, daily use of an Aerobika and other methods of airway clearance will continue to create an inhospitable environment. It’s a permanent “no trespassing” sign that will help decrease inflammation and infection in our lungs and allow for healing.
#lunghealth #bronchiectasis #mucus
Bronchiectasis, or BE, cannot be cured. The disease causes the lungs to scar and can happen to anyone after a respiratory illness or with conditions such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Cystic Fibrosis. With the pandemic, we will likely see a sharp increase in the number of individuals with bronchiectasis.
Until recently, bronchiectasis was considered a rare disease with less than 200,000 cases in the United States. However, with the increased use of High-Resolution Computerized Technology (HRCT) scans as well as a heightened awareness in the medical community, bronchiectasis is
being diagnosed more than ever. Researchers now suggest that a significant percentage of the 20 million COPD sufferers in our country also have undiagnosed BE.
Although BE is a permanent condition, it can be effectively managed and its spread mitigated or even prevented. Based upon my personal experience with bronchiectasis and professional experience as a health and fitness educator, I have developed the BE CLEAR Method. Together with traditional medical treatments of the disease, the BE CLEAR Method empowers individuals living with BE to be actively involved in their own care. The overarching goal of the method is to sustain healthy lungs while building a stronger body and mind to meet the daily and life-long challenges of our disease.
Through dedicated practice, the BE CLEAR Method becomes not just a road map but a travel companion for those living with bronchiectasis. The two key elements of the BE CLEAR Method are exercise and airway clearance both of which help remove harmful mucus from the
lungs. The method also employs a broader approach including effective breathing and meditation practices to deal with the anxiety and depression that is common among people with chronic health conditions. In addition, better relaxation and sleeping habits are discussed as well as the
importance of a nutritious diet to maintain a sound body and mind.
Mystery surrounds bronchiectasis. Many of the afflicted do not know how they got it. Those I have talked to in support groups on-line and in-person want clarity. Most of all, they want to feel better. As someone who shares in their struggle, as someone who lives with BE every day, it breaks my heart to hear their stories.
That’s why I wrote The BE CLEAR Method to Living with Bronchiectasis. I want to share with others the practices I have used for years to stay full of energy and positive-minded. I encourage people with BE to stay on task and do the daily work. At the same time, I point out that we are all at different points along the health continuum and we need to move forward from our unique place.
In BE CLEAR, I weave current evidence-based research into my own story with humorous anecdotes that they will recognize and appreciate. Ultimately, my goal in writing this book is to show people living with BE that they have more control over their disease than they think. With the regular application of the BE CLEAR Method, they can lead a full and joyful life.
The “BE CLEAR Method to Living with Bronchiectasis” is available on Amazon.
#bronchiectasis #airwayclearance #lungdisease #maclungdisease
About 25% of people with bronchiectasis will at some point develop a Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. The older we are, the more widespread our bronchiectasis and the poorer our lung function, the more likely we are to get this type of infection.
During the recent European Lung Foundation Bronchiectasis Patient Conference 2022, Dr Josje Altenburg from Amsterdam discussed whether this infection should be treated. She asked—”Is the Pseudomonas a threat or a pet?”
Have a listen--
It is important to understand the issues Dr Altenburg presents in the event we repeatedly grow Pseudomonas in our sputum cultures. I found her talk about new therapies to eradicate Pseudomonas fascinating, especially the possible use of monoclonal antibodies and bacteriophages.
Regular sputum cultures are critical for good health as sometimes there are no indications that Pseudomonas is causing an infection. However, particularly for those of us who have had these infections in the past, we might notice health changes such as fatigue, coughing and more sputum production.
Additionally, for some, our sputum might turn greenish and have a strong odor.
A key to living with bronchiectasis is understanding the nature and management of the disease and the pros and cons of treatments. Being acquainted with the issues puts us in the driver’s seat.
In the future, if we are presented with challenges, we can further educate ourselves and along with our medical team, make well-informed decisions.
#pseudomonas #lungdisease #bronchiectasis
#airwayclearance #sputum #mucus #phelgm #lunginfection #lunginflammation
Aches and pains? Posture not the best? Coughing and short of breath? The answer might just be...a fanny pack!!
Carrying a bag, even a cross-body one, can throw off your gait, body mechanics and the ability of your rib cage to expand. It’s important to be evenly weighted, unencumbered and allow your arms to swing freely.
Walking this way is how the body reorganizes and naturally releases tight muscles. So, think twice before carrying a bag of any type in one hand or on one shoulder for a length of time.
And, yes, a fanny pack might be part of the solution. Every now and then, switch it to the other hip or better yet, center it!
#Lung #LungHealth #Breathing #Breathe #Bronchiectasis #COPD #Asthma #Emphysema #ChronicBronchitis #posture #chroniccough
In 2017, after I was diagnosed with bronchiectasis and a MAC lung infection, I spent months walking around in my Upper Westside neighborhood in a daze. At the time, I was seeing a pulmonologist who hadn’t explained anything to me in detail. To make matters worse, it seemed like the more I researched these two rare conditions online, the more questions I had.
Fortunately, my emotional brain fog did not prevent me from seeking answers from other professionals. The first breakthrough I had was meeting with Marion Mackles, a cardiopulmonary expert at the Pulmonary Rehabilitation and Wellness Center. She patiently answered my questions and taught me airway clearance techniques.
I liked the friendly vibe at the center and over time I followed up by watching many of the Pulmonary Wellness seminars that were offered at no charge (and still are!). One of my favorites was Dr. Noah Greenspan, owner of the center, interviewing Donna Wilson, a Registered Respiratory Therapist, nurse and clinical exercise specialist. After listening, I knew I needed to see her for a consultation.
At the time Ms. Wilson was working in the Integrative Health department at Memorial Sloan Kettering. We met and went over my CT scan report and health issues. She answered questions and together we did exercises that target the breathing muscles, including strengthening the diaphragm, which plays a large role in respiration.
I have continued to do her exercises over the years and thought she had retired. So, I was so pleased to see a Pulmonary Wellness social media post at the beginning of this year saying that she would again be a guest speaker.
Now, the recording is available!
I promise you, it will make you reconsider how you breathe and the critical role of exercise!
As always, consult your medical team before beginning, modifying or stopping exercise.
Oh, did I mention you will never see another woman in her 70’s with such incredible arm muscles?
#pulmonarywellness #bronchiectasis #copd #asthma #breathing #oxygen #exercise #healthylungs
Steroids and Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS) can cause osteoporosis and increase the risk of infections. Some of us with bronchiectasis take steroids and ICSs because of other medical conditions. In addition to BE we might have comorbidities such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, COPD and inflammatory bowel disease (IBS).
Others take inhaled corticosteroids because they have had their sputum or blood tested, they know their bronchiectasis is an eosinophilic disorder and using an inhaler makes a difference.
In a wonderful 2021 patient bronchiectasis conference sponsored by the European Lung Foundation and the European Respiratory Society, Dr. James Chalmers discusses the difference between neutrophilic and eosinophilic inflammation. Dr. Chalmers says that research shows that in 80% of bronchiectasis patients, their condition is neutrophilic and ICS use will not improve their health status. However, in 20% of cases, their inflammation is also eosinophilic and steroids might make a difference.
Drs. Swenson and Drummond also discuss steroid inhalers in their podcast series NTMTALK.com. Dr.Swenson says that many of us are needlessly on inhalers. Sometimes they are prescribed because of a flare-up. Or, if the person is already on steroids, the dosage is increased. Unfortunately, many remain on high doses even after the flare-up is resolved.
My suggestion is that you discuss this issue with your physician and have tests done to determine if ICS use is warranted.Do not take it upon yourself to stop your medication as this could have serious consequences.
I have always said, both in my book, “The BE CLEAR Method to Living with Bronchiectasis” and in my social media posts, it is all about EDUCATION. The better we understand our medical condition(s), the better we can ADVOCATE for our care.
#bronchiectasis #IBD #RA #osteoporosis #COPD #asthma #celiac #inflammation #lupus
Great news!! A fantastic Autogenic Drainage (AD) app that was only available on iPhones is now on Androids! I use this app regularly as part of my daily (often twice a day) clearance and love it.
Sometimes I use it before nebulizing as it helps me to switch gears from working and being on the computer to my self-care. It tells my body to focus on my own care and hopefully let go of mucus.
Other times I use the AD app during my airway clearance session– when I’ve used all the tools in my bronchiectasis toolkit including my vest, nebulizing, my Aerobika and postural drainage and that stubborn mucus still doesn’t want to come out.
Then there are times I use this breathing technique before and during my session because it only takes 2 minutes–so what not?
As I discuss in my recently published book, “The BE CLEAR Method to Living with Bronchiectasis,” it is critical to know airway clearance techniques that do not rely on devices. Because there will be times when you do not have a device with you and start to feel congested. Using “unplugged” methods including breathing techniques and postural drainage will help you feel better.
I would suggest you get my book, too! It will give you a map to improving your bronchiectasis self-care and I am always available to answer your questions either by email or social media.
Available on Amazon--https://amzn.to/333htls
#bronchiectasis #copd #primaryciliarydyskinesia #cysticfibrosis #asthma
Chronic lung disease can present intimacy challenges. Concerns about shortness of breath, fatigue, coughing and excess mucus can cause people to shy away from intimate relationships.
To learn how we can address these issues, take a look at this excellent COPD Foundation post by Amanda Atkinson, MSN, RN:
#Intimacy #COPD #oxygenuse #usingoxygen #shortofbreath #breathlessness #emphysema #chronicbronchitis #Bronchiectasis #ChronicCoughing
People with bronchiectasis are better educated about diagnostic and treatment options earlier on compared to five years ago, when I was diagnosed. This is thanks to medical organizations, health care institutions and companies like:
Bronchiectasis Info and Research
NTM Info and Research
COPD Foundation’s Bronchiectasis and NTM 360
The European Lung Foundation
National Jewish Health
The result is a well-informed group of people who are being told in webinars they must advocate for the best care for themselves with their health care providers. And THEY DO!! They ask for airway clearance education, medical devices and consultations with specialists.
Often, the answer to these requests is “NO, NO, and NO!”
I have the opportunity of communicating with dozens of women every week. Our conversations often involve strategies to get providers to listen to their requests seriously.
Below are examples from this past week:
“I asked for an Aerobika prescription and when I would have my next CT scan. My doctor told me that my BE is mild and I don’t need airway clearance or follow-up scans.”
“My BE is progressing and I asked to see a GI doctor to see if I have GERD. My Nurse Practitioner said I don’t have symptoms so I don’t have reflux.”
“My doctor told me although I cough non-stop and cannot produce a sputum sample that a bronchoscopy would just irritate me.”
“I’m doing airway clearance three times a day, have tons of mucus and asked my doctor for a vibrating vest. She said they are difficult to get and could make my condition worse.”
Now, don’t get me wrong. There are superb bronchiectasis centers throughout the US and globally. These doctors are experts in the field of BE and NTM and understand the need for a holistic approach to our disease. But many people do not have the resources to travel to them and must seek care in their communities.
With more professional education and the future publication of US bronchiectasis guidelines, this situation will eventually improve. In the meantime, we need to continue to advocate for ourselves and practice daily self-care.
#bronchiectasis #selfcare #advocacy
Linda Cooper Esposito, MPH is a health educator with bronchiectasis. She developed the BE CLEAR Method to Living with Bronchiectasis and writes with compassion and humor about this chronic lung disease.